講演者：Laim Satchell先生（University of Winchester）
日 時：2019年9月9日（月） 15:00-15:45
場 所：関西学院大学 文学部 第4教室
タイトル：Seeing Psychopathy: Everyday Observation of Aggressive and Antisocial Personality
要旨：Knowing another person’s personality allows us to predict their future behaviour. There are many ways to assess personality (questionnaires, neurology, etc) but the easiest way is the most common – through observation. Surprisingly, there is little scientific research on using everyday behaviour to recognise the traits of others. Here I talk briefly about the safety and security benefits of observing particular behaviours to detect aggressive and psychopathic individuals.
講演者：Joanne Rechdan先生（De Montfort University）
日 時：2019年9月9日（月） 15:45-16:30
場 所：関西学院大学 文学部 第4教室
タイトル：Exploring Social Influences on the Reporting of Episodic Memories
要旨：Remembering is a reconstructive process that often occurs in the presence of others. In this talk, I will review some of the research on how social factors such as comparative feedback and observational learning (modelling) can influence what people choose to report from memory. Effects on both conversational recall and eyewitness testimony will be considered.
In this presentation Dr. Liam Satchell talks about the relationship between personality traits and behaviour with a special focus on how personality can best be measured. He demonstrates that humans can predict aggressiveness based on how a person walks. Here, Dr. Satchell presents data of first year students judging each other in terms of boldness, disinhibition and meanness, three traits believed to be associated with psychopathy. He demonstrates that humans can readily detect boldness and disinhibition, but not meanness. Finally, he demonstrates that the intuitive judgement of others` personality traits is more accurate than current coding schemes and discusses the implications of these findings.
In this presentation Dr. Joanne Rechdan demonstrated the effect of retrieval induced forgetting in the context of eyewitness memory. Retrieval induced forgetting refers to the fact that memories of events can change throughout repeated recall. In her research Dr. Rechdan investigates how social influences affect this process. For example, when witnesses are presented with conflicting accounts from other witnesses their account of the event becomes more cautious. Consequently, repeated recall or discussion of the memory with other witnesses can negatively affect the accuracy of the original eyewitness account.